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Saturday, September 12, 2009

Indian Constitution - part2

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the chairman of Drafting Committee which drafted the Indian Constitution.
India is a secular state is evident from the fact that it has no official or state religion. It is neither patronises nor discriminates against any religion. The constitution of India guarantees freedom of religion and worship to all citizens. Elections to the legislatures in the country are held on the basis of the universal franchise and joint electorates. In the matter of appointment to public services, no citizen can be discriminated against on grounds of religion.
The Directive principles enunciated in the constitution of India are in the nature of directions to the legislature and the executive that they should exercise their authority in such a manner as to ensure due respect for, and observance of these principles. Although these principles are not justiciable, the courts cannot altogether ignore them. On the other hand, fundamental rights are the citizens basic natural and human rights essential for the good of life. These rights have been enumerated in part III of the Constitution and have been made justiciable.

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